Physiotherapy: What specialties are there?

Physiotherapy: What specialties are there?

December 2, 2020 Off By Rob Prosser

If you’ve ever had a contracture or broken a bone, you’ve likely seen a physical therapist regain fitness. Physiotherapy is a discipline of the Health Sciences that offers therapeutic treatment for the various ailments of the human body. 

Therefore, it does not use pharmacological or surgical means, although it can serve as a compliment. To practice as a physiotherapist, it is necessary to take a degree in Physiotherapy. In addition, the professional can complement their training with a master’s degree. Today, there are many possible specializations. In fact, there are physical therapists who specialize in a certain part of the body, such as the jaw or the pelvic floor.

As you know, it is a sector with a very high demand. In fact, the offer of the Degree in Physiotherapy has increased notably for this reason. But why is this profession so appealing to students? How is the day to day with the patients? What specialties are best known? In this post, we solve your doubts about an essential figure to preserve our health. Have you considered being a physiotherapist? Well, start to inform yourself and do not miss any detail

What are the functions of a physical therapist?

Broadly speaking, we must distinguish between three functions:

  • Assistance. It is in this area where the physiotherapist-patient health relationship is established. The purpose is to contribute to the physical and mental well-being of the person affected by an ailment.
  • Teacher and researcher. Students need to be trained by professionals at the university. In addition, there are physiotherapists who are dedicated to research to discover new methods or therapies.
  • Management. Often, the physiotherapist intervenes in the administrative management of the center where he works. However, this function can be delegated and depends on the degree of responsibility of the professional in the center.

What specialties are there?

As we said at the beginning, physical therapy is a profession full of possibilities. In fact, the human body works like a very complex machine. And each piece may require a different treatment. Thus, it is logical that there are different specialties. These are some of the most frequent:

  • Neurology. Physical therapy increases the quality of life for people with neurological disorders. In fact, some can improve a lot physically thanks to regular treatment. A distinction must be made between neurological physiotherapy for children and neurological physiotherapy for adults.
  • Pediatrics. Some children may need the help of a professional, either due to developmental disorders or specific ailments. Musculoskeletal, neurological, respiratory, rheumatological affections, etc. can be treated.
  • Geriatrics. Aging often causes an increase in health problems. Physiotherapy is a means to combat symptoms and contribute to bodily well-being.
  • Gynecology. Physiotherapy contributes to the good health of the pelvic floor. It can treat prepartum, postpartum, urinary incontinence, or sexual dysfunctions.
  • Sport. People who play sports professionally or as a regular hobby need a trusted physical therapist. Not just to treat injuries, but to prevent them.
  • Mental health and psychiatry. Physiotherapy treatments reduce feelings of anxiety and help to find body-mind balance.
  • Traumatology. In this area, bone fractures, dislocations, sprains, inflammations, etc. are treated.
  • Oncology. Cancer patients can also benefit from physical therapy. Stimulation contributes to a greater sense of well-being.

What job opportunities does physical therapy have?

But, in what places can you exercise? In short, these are some of the most common options for finding a job:

  • Physiotherapy centers.
  • Health centers: hospitals, clinics, etc.
  • Gyms
  • Sports entities.
  • Residences for the elderly and people with disabilities.
  • University and scientific research centers.

What types of rehabilitation can the physiotherapist offer us? 

  • Passive: In this case, the patient does not perform the exercises voluntarily.
  • Self-passive: It is the patient himself who performs the mobilization, for example, using pulleys.
  • Active: The patient performs the exercise always controlled by professional physiotherapists.

Another article on this blog that might interests you:

Newcastle physiotherapist: tips for choosing the best physiotherapist